Jobs and the circular economy:
Prospects for EU constituencies in 2030

This interactive tool models the job creation and unemployment impacts of a more circular economy in 2030 for different constituencies in Germany, Italy, Poland and Great Britain. It shows three scenarios reflecting different levels of ambition.

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Gross jobs in 2030

Gross jobs are the total new jobs created through circular economy activities.

Net jobs in 2030

Net jobs are positions filled by unemployed people rather than those moving between jobs. There are no new net jobs in the region that already has the lowest unemployment rate in the country.

Sector breakdown of circular economy jobs (under steady policy development)

Across the four countries studied, the majority of jobs in scenarios two and three are in remanufacturing. Scenario one assumes no improvement in remanufacturing rates, so new jobs are primarily in recycling and repair.

Change in unemployment rate: 2014 to 2030

The reduction in unemployment rate is the change from the 2014 rate of unemployment after the addition of net jobs in 2030.

Annual savings on unemployment payouts in 2030

Savings on unemployment costs are calculated as the average spent on unemployment payouts per person in that country multiplied by the number of net jobs created.

About this interactive tool